Beer is the most popular alcoholic beverage in the world. It is consumed in all parts of the globe in one way or another. Beer is ranked as the third most popular drink in the world, coming in right after water and tea. Beer is made through a process called brewing, which involves fermenting starches that are derived from cereal grains. The most common cereal grain used is malted barley, though rice, wheat and maize are also used. People have been drinking beer for millennia. In fact, some of the earliest known writings, such as the Code of Hammurabi and the Hymn to Ninkasi, refer to the production and distribution of beer.
In the modern world, beer is widely sold in cans and bottles. In certain places, beer is also available in draught, such as in bars and pubs. The alcoholic strength in an average can of beer is around four to six percent. There are certain breweries which have also introduced examples of beer that have an alcoholic strength of over 40%! There are many different types of beer available today. You can easily buy these and others from any international beer shop.
Ales are extremely popular in the West. They are brewed by fermenting yeast at cellar temperature. These are full-bodied beers and often have a slight hint of fruits or spices within. Ale generally has a pretty hoppy texture. They contain a variety of malt and fruit aromas and are available in various different types: Bitters, Pale Ales, Nut Browns, and Abbey Ales.
Another common type of beer sold across the globe is Lager beer. The word ‘lager’ translates to ‘storage’ in German, which refers to the production method, where lager beer is stored for several months at temperatures that are close to freezing. This gives the beer a very crisp and refreshing taste. The longer ageing process also leads to a considerably smooth finish. Lager beers are the most popular types of beer, and many of the world’s biggest brewing companies sell their own varieties.
Stouts and Porters
Most people don’t know the difference between stout beer and porter beer. You should know that porter beer is thick and is virtually black. The beer contains a hint of fruit and is generally brewed by adding a combination of malt in order to enhance the flavour.
On the other hand, stout beer doesn’t have a very sweet taste. It actually features a rich and creamy head and is generally coloured with barley. Stout beers usually use a small portion of unmalted roasted barley in order to develop a dark and astringent character, much like coffee.
Malt beer is also consumed in several parts of the globe. It’s relatively dark in texture and has a sweet flavour. Malt beer also contains slight hints of coffee and nuts, and is available in light and full-bodied textures. These are just some of the many types of beer that you should know about!